Carl R. Ingling, an OSA Fellow and internationally recognized color
vision researcher, passed away on 11
September 2010, after a prolonged illness.
He was 74.
Ingling received his B.S. in physics from Duke University in 1958. He
worked at Eastman Kodak Co. for three
years (1958-1961) and then entered
graduate school at the University of
Rochester, receiving a Ph.D. in psychology in 1966. From 1966 to 1968, he was
an NINDB postdoctoral fellow at the
Center for Visual Science at the University of Rochester. In 1968, he joined the
faculty of the department of biophysics
(now the division of sensory biophysics) at Ohio State University, where he
was a central member of the University’s
Institute for Research in Vision and was
widely recognized for his innovative
research in human color vision. Ingling
later moved from biophysics to the
department of zoology. He retired from
the university in 2000.
Ingling believed that the best research
is based on the principle of strong
inference, in which each experiment is
Carl R. Ingling
designed to test a specific hypothesis. He
was passionate in his quest to advance the
understanding of how the visual system
works, and he had a remarkable talent for
transmitting that passion to his students.
His research efforts were aimed at reveal-
ing the relationships between the underly-
ing receptive field structure of single
retinal neurons and the mathematical
structures of color vision.
Norman J. Brown Jr. 1931-2010 [ ]
Norman J. Brown, Jr., an OSA Fellow and career scientist at the
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in Livermore, Calif.,
U.S.A, died of a stroke on 3 September
2010. He was 79.
After serving with the U.S. Army in
Korea, Brown received a B.A. from St.
Joseph’s Seminary in Menlo Park, Calif.,
and a B.S. and M.E. from the University
of California at Berkeley. He spent his
career with LLNL as an engineer in the
mechanical engineering department,
where he worked on nuclear reactors and
in optics and optical fabrication, including work on the Hubbell Telescope.
Brown retired from LLNL in 1994.
An OSA member since 1981,
Brown was elected a Fellow in 1982.
He received OSA’s David Richardson
Medal, given for significant contribu-
tions to Optical Engineering, primarily
in the commercial and industrial sector
(1985) and SPIE’s Rudolf Kingslake
Medal, awarded annually in recognition
of the most noteworthy original paper to
appear in the Society’s official journal,
Optical Engineering, on the theoretical or experimental aspects of optical
Brown was a renaissance man, an
avid photographer, a painter and a calligrapher. His hand-tooled pens made of
exotic woods were prized by calligraphers
around the world. He was also a passionate book collector and chef, as well
as a supporter of the theatre, opera and
symphonies around the Bay Area.
He is survived by his wife of 54 years,
Virginia Jurgens Brown, four children,
nine grandchildren, one great-grandchild, two sisters and a brother. His son
Stephen predeceased him in 1977.
The family would appreciate donations to the Pippin Pocket Opera, 469
Bryant Street, San Francisco, CA 94107,
and the Society of St. Sulpice, Provincial
House, 5408 Roland Avenue, Baltimore,
This obituary was contributed by the
58 | OPN Optics & Photonics News